Proceedings of the
11th International Congress of Parasitology


(August 6-11, 2006, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom)






The papers collected for publication in this volume are all based upon presentations made at the 11th International Congress of Parasitology (ICOPA) that was hosted by the British Society for Parasitology in Glasgow, in 2006.

Over 2000 delegates from 88 different countries took part in ICOPA XI and their presentation reflected the wide range of topics studies by Parasitologists world wide and the varied approaches that are made to these studies. We hope that you will enjoy this conference proceedings and that it represents the flavour of a truly international meeting.

Hilary Hurd PhD
President of the British Society for Parasitology






Invited Lectures

Comparison of Light Microscopy and Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Diagnosis of Intestinal Microsporidosis
H. Awadalla, A. Khalifa, A. Abou-Zeid, S. Allam and S. Mossallam

Recent Progress in the Development of the RTS,S Malaria Vaccine: Summary of the RTS,S Symposium
W.R. Ballou, P. Alonso, A. Leach, C. Sutherland, M. Polhemus and M. Moree

The Impact of Parasite Density on Life-stage Transitions of Plasmodium within the Mosquito Vector
M.-G. Basáñez, J.A.N. Filipe, E. Dawes, O. Finney and R.E. Sinden

Variation in Mosquito Immunity to Plasmodium
L. Baton, Y. Dong, J. Li and G. Dimopoulos

Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors as Targets for Anthelmintics – Genetic, Genomic and Functional Studies
S.D. Buckingham, L.A. Brown, A.K. Jones, C.J. Mee and D.B. Sattelle

Spatial and Temporal Variations in Parasite Prevalence and Infracommunity of Spawning Herring Caught West of the British Isles and in the Baltic Sea.
N. Campbell, M.A. Cross, C. Collins, J.C. Chubb, C.O. Cunningham, E. Hatfield and K. MacKenzie

Vector-parasite Molecular Interactions: Malarial Molecules Essential for Parasite Invasion into the Host Mosquito Tissues
Y. Chinzei

The Analysis of Genetic Responses of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) to Infection by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957
C.M. Collins, I. Matìjusová, and C.O. Cunningham

The physiological Role of the Neuropeptide AF9/FLP21
A. Cook, N. Kriek, N.A. Hopper and L. Holden-Dye

Virulence Genes of Parasitoid Wasps Encoded by Symbiotic Viruses
J.-M. Drezen, A. Bezier, J. Lesobre, E. Huguet and C. Dupuy

Haemozoin: From Structure to Chemistry and Biology
T.J. Egan, K.K. Ncokazi and J. Chen

High Efficiency Site-directed Genetic Engineering of the Mosquito Genome
P. Eggleston, S. Basu and J. Meredith

Progress in Understanding Triclabendazole Resistance
I. Fairweather, G.P. Brennan, A. Trudgett, E. Hoey, McCoy, M. McConville, M. Meaney, M. Robinson, L. Ryan, J. Savage, S.M. Walker, C. Lanusse, L. Mottier, L. Alvarez, H. Solana, G. Virkel, G. Chemale and P.M. Brophy

Trematode Transmission in Coastal Communities - Temperature Dependence and Climate Change Perspectives
K.V. Galaktionov, S.W.B. Irwin, V.V. Prokofiev, D.H. Saville, K.E. Nikolaev and I.A. Levakin

Exploiting Metabolic and Gene-expression Networks for Drug Design
J.R. Haanstra, A. van Tuijl, R. van Nuland, J. Bouwman, M.-A. Albert, P. Michels, H.-G. Holzhütter, H.V. Westerhoff and B.M. Bakker

Immunomodulatory Properties of the Filarial Nematode Secreted Product, ES-62
W. Harnett, K.M. Houston, J.A. Gracie, B. Leung, I.B. McInnes and M.M. Harnett

The Role of Cestode Vaccines in the Epidemiology and Transmission of Cestodes
D. Heath, M. Lightowlers and P. Torgerson

Why Schistosomiasis Matters: The Affordability of Treating Chronic Helminthic Infection in Endemic Populations
C.H. King

Proteomic Analysis of Excretory/Secretory Extracts of Echinostoma Spp. drom Chronic and Acute Infections
A. Marcilla, D. Bernal, C. Muñoz-Antoli, J.G. Esteban and R. Toledo

Nematode Cholinergic Receptors as Drug Targets; Recent Findings and Potential Implications
R.J. Martin, A.P. Robertson, H. Qian, S. Verma and C.L. Clark

Sylvatic Cycles of Neospora caninum
M.M. McAllister

Predicting Parasite Metabolic Networks: A Fisherman’s Nightmare?
G.A. McConkey, J.W. Pinney, E.A. Gaskell, L. Wambua, C. Hyland, M.W. Shirley and D.R. Westhead

Deorphanisation of G-protein Coupled Receptors in Caenorhabditis elegans
I. Mertens, T. Janssen, S.J. Husson, M. Lindemans and L. Schoofs

The Pathology of Cerebral Malaria: Autopsies Studies from Blantyre, Malawi (1996-2006)
D.A. Milner, Jr. and T.E. Taylor

Pro-Inflammatory Property of Plasmodium Hemozoin: A Signaling Point of View
M. Olivier

Strategies for Global Implementation of Combination Strategies in Malaria Chemotherapy
A. Schapira and K. Mendis

Interactions Between Hemozoin and the Human Monocyte-Brief Review
E. Schwarzer, O. Skorokhod, V. Barrera and P. Arese

Wolbachia as a Tool for Mosquito Population Manipulation
S. Sinkins

Malaria Vaccine Trials- What Needs to Be Assessed?
T. Smith

A Platform for Stochastic Modeling of Malaria Epidemiology and Control
T. Smith, N. Maire, A. Ross and M. Tanner

Present Knowledge on the Systematics of Myxozoa
H. Yokoyama and T. Yanagida


Free Papers

Trichomoniasis in Imo State, Nigeria with Comments on Its Prevalence as Compared to Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
A. Acholonu, A. Njoku and A. Opara

Anticoccidial Activity of Xanthohumol
P. Allen

In vitro Susceptibility of Trichomonas vaginalis and Entamoeba histolytica to Quinfamide or Ciprofloxacin
F. Anaya-Velázquez, M. Caracheo-Delgado and F. Padilla-Vaca

An In Vitro System for Investigating Host-parasite Interactions in Liver Fibrosis
B. Anthony and J.T. Allen

Toxoplasma gondii-derived HSP 70 Stimulates Maturation of Dendritic Cells Via TLR-4 Through MyD88-independent Pathway
F. Aosai, H-S. Mun, K. Norose, H. Fang, S. Akira and A. Yano

Host Specificity in Diplozoidae in Vaal Dam

Evaluation of the Impact of DEC Treatment on Vector Infection in the Program of Lymphatic Filariasis Control in Recife, Brazil
C. Ayres, L. Lima, R. Acioli, S. Batista, L. Regis and A. Furtado

Prevalence of Cryptosportidium sp. Infection in Cattle in Isfahan, Iran
M. Azami

Ocular Microsporidiosis in Patients with AIDS
E. Bàez-Abreu de Borges, L. Arcay, C. Salaverrìa, E. Otero, E. Farìas, C. Valverde, E. Bruzual and E. Elster

Novel Plasmodium Yoelli Merozoite Rhoptry Proteins
T. Banks, S. Gaines, N. Lovelace, H. Fujioka, J. Drazba and T. Sam-Yellowe

Prodution of Polyclonal Antibody Against Giardia Lamblia in Rabbit
Afshin Barazesh, Jafar Madjidi, Esmail Fallah, Rasool Jamali, Ardavan Ghazanchaei and Jalal Abdolalizadeh

In vitro Leishmanicidal Effects of Euphorbia myrsinites Extract Against Promastigotes of Leishmania. major
Javad Behravan, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Mohammad Ramezani and Azam Bodaghabadi

Atypical Transcription Factors Function with RNA Polymerase II in Trypanosomes to Produce the Spliced Leader RNA
V. Bellofatto, J.B. Palenchar and A. Das

Prevalence of Amoebiasis by Entamoeba Histolytica / E. Dispar in Three Regions of Peru
M. Beltrán, M. Garaycochea, N. Bellido, J. García, L. Ríos, C. Bernui and R. Gonzáles

Seroprevalence of Chagas Disease in the State of Veracruz, Mexico
M. Bucio Torres, M. Cabrera Bravo, A. Ruiz Hernández, G. Rojas Wastavino, Y. Guevara Gómez, E. Torres Gutiérrez, A. Escobar Mesa, E.L. Segura and P.M. Salazar-Schettino

Gastrointestinal Helminths in 14 Lizard Species of Panama
C. Bursey, S. Goldberg and S. Telford, Jr

Schistosoma Japonicum: Vaccination with Cultured Cells From Juvenile Induced a Partial Immunity to Challege Infections in Mouse Model
L.T. Cai, T.B. Zeng, Q.R. Zeng, B.W. Li, R. Yu, S.K. Zhang, S.H. Yang, W. Liu, Y.F. Gong and Z.P. Zhang

Antibodies to Malaria Peptide Mimics Inhibit Plasmodium falciparum Invasion of Erythrocytes
J.L. Casey, A.M. Coley, J.K. Sabo, Z.P. Feng, R.F. Anders, A. Batchelor, R.S. Norton and M. Foley

Identification of Somatostatin Receptors on Schistosoma Mansoni Stages
S. Chatterjee, J. Op De Beeck and E. Van Marck

The John H. Sandground Helminthological Collection at Harvard University’s Museum of Comparative Zoology
D.B. Conn

Parasite Diversity in Soay Sheep on St. Kilda
B.H. Craig, J.G. Pilkington, L.E.B. Kruuk, B. Wimmer and J.M. Pemberton

Intestinal Parasites in Dogs from the Center-west of Portugal
M. Crespo, F. Rosa, M. Morgado, D. Ferreirinha, A. Cerejo and M. Madeira

Role of Phospholipases A2 in Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression Induced by Entamoeba Histolytica in Macrophages
G. Cuéllar-Nevárez, O. Mata-Leyva, B. Rivera-Chavira, C. González-Horta, P. Talamás-Rohana and B. Sánchez-Ramírez

Strain-Specific Immunity to the Pre-Erythrocytic Stages of Plasmodium chabaudi
R.L. Culleton, S. Cheeseman, A. Martinelli, J. Byrne, L. Steven, S.E. Reece and R. Carter

Cercarial Infections of Freshwater Snails Family Thiaridae in Keak River, Thailand
W. Dechruksa, D. Krailas, S. Ukong, W. Inkapatanakul and T. Dangprasert

Apoptosis and Immune Regulation in Mice Infected with Heligmosomoides polygyrus
M. Doligalska, K. Donskow-Schmelter, N. Drela, J. Rzepecka and M. Laskowska

The Ultrastructural Change of Trypanosoma cruzi: A Continous In Vitro Quantitative Approach
C. Durán and F. Tejero

The Ultrastructural Change of the Mitochiondrion of Leishmania Chagasi: A Continous In Vitro Quantitative Approach
C. Durán and F. Tejero

Screening of Azadirachta Indica Aqueous Leaf Extract for Possible Activity on Mice Infected with Trypanosoma Brucei Brucei
P.M. Emeka, S. Iwuanyanwu and L.I Badger-Emeka

Seroepidemiology Study of Visceral Leishmaniasis Among Human in Azarshahr Areas, East Azerbaijan,Islamic Republic of Iran
E. Fallah, M. Farshchian, A. Kusha and N. Mahdipoorzareh

Epidemiological Aspects of Canine Visceral Leishmaniosis in Azarshahr a New Endemic Focus of Kala-Azar in the Islamic Republic of Iran
E. Fallah, M. Farshchian, A. Kusha, J. Majidi and A. Mazlumi

Screening Infection of Leishmania Infantum in Rodents Trapped in Azarshahr County, Northwest of Iran
E. Fallah, M. Farshchian, A. Kusha, A. Mardi and N. Mahdipoorzareh

A Study on Entrobius Vermicularis Infection in a Appendices Removed by Surgery in Tabriz Hospitals
E. Fallah, A. Khalili, A. Dehgani and N. Mahdipoorzareh

The Study of Epidemiologically Malaria Disease in Eastern Azarbaijan Province, Northwest of Iran
E. Fallah, N. Mahdipoorzareh, A. Khalili, Z. Riahi, A. Kusha and M. Haggi

A Wolbachia Gene Fragment in the Genomes of Brugia malayi, B. timori and of B. pahangi Indicates Horizontal Gene Transfer in a Common Ancestor
P. Fischer, J. Ingram, K. Fischer, G.J. Weil and B. Slatko

Relationship Between Teacher’s Evaluation and Grades Obtained by Students in the Microbiology and Parasitology Course at the Facultad de Medicina of the Universidad Nacional Autonóma de México (UNAM)
Y. García Yañez, A. Candil Ruiz and F. Estrada Rojo

Leishmania and Its Host Cell: A Complex Relationship
G. Getti, R. Cheke, P. Poole, J. George and D. Humber

Development of a Method of Keeping Snails, Bythinella Nipponica, Aimed at Maintaining Paragonimus Skrjabini Miyazakii Life Cycle in the Laboratory
J. Gyoten and T. Ishimaru

Evidence for High Levels of Vertical Transmission in Toxoplasma gondii
G. Hide, R.H. Williams, E.K. Morley, J.M. Hughes, D. Thomasson, O. Gerwash, M.S. Elmahaishi, K.H. Elmahaishi, R.G. Murphy and J.E. Smith

Preservation and Excystment of Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae
S.-T. Hong, S. Li and M.-H. Choi

In vitro Protoscolicidal Effect of Hypertonic Glucose on Protoscolices of Hydatid Cyst
S.V. Hosseini, K. Ghanbarzadeh, Z. Barzin, S.M. Sadjjadi, N. Tanideh and D. Mehrabani

Molecular and Genetic Analysis of Malaria Parasites Resistant to Artemisinin
P. Hunt, A. Afonso, R. Culleton, A. Creasey, D. Fidock, R. Carter, V. do Rosário and P. Cravo

Virulence in Haemonchus contortus: Genetic and Phenotypic Differences Between Isolates
P. Hunt, L. Le Jambre, J. McNally, L. Anderson and M. Knox

Indoplanorbis Exustus (Deshayes, 1834): A Newly Introduced Planorbid Snail to Benin, West Africa
M. Ibikounlé, Y.K. Bony, J.-P. Pointier, N. Sakiti and H. Moné

Safety of Pork for Trichinosis in the Central Region of Thailand
P. Indrakamhang, N. Sarataphan, M. Vongpakorn, K. Unjit, K. Mohkaew and S. Ngamjiteu

Congenital Toxoplasmosis in Camels (Camelus dromedaries): Pathology
M.Y. Ishag, A.A Majid and M.M. Alkan

Primed Mucins Allow Attainment and Adhesion, But Prevent Establishment of Challenged Adult Nippostrongylus Brasiliensis in the Small Intestine in Mice
K. Ishiwata and N. Watanabe

Molecular Epidemiology of Brugia Infections of Stray Cats in Bangkok, Thailand
S. Jittapalapong, A. Krajarng, S. Pratchyasakul, N. Pinyopanuwat, W. Chimnoi and R.W. Stich

Immunoscreening for Human Cystic Echinococcosis in Bulgaria
R. Kurdova - Mintcheva, I. Marinova, I. Rainova, D. Jordanova, M. Ivanova, P. Valtcheva and N. Tsvetkova

School-based Treatment with Praziquantel in Three Different Ecological Areas of the Segou Region 0f Mali
A. Landoure, M. Sacko, E. Bosque-Oliva, A. Keita and M. Traore

Comparison of Parasitic Infections of Boa Constrictor from Mainland Belize and the Surrounding Islands
S. Lenaghan, S. Boback, C. Sundermann, A. Crim, L. Hester, B. Hill, and K. Tedin

Kinetics of Gender-Regulated Gene Expression in the Filarial Nematode Brugia malayi
B.W. Li, A.C. Rush and G.J. Weil

The Prevalence of Blastocystis Hominis Infection in Moldova, Romania (Clinical, Epidemiologic and Laboratory Aspects)
M. Luca, A. Ivan, S. Gotia, V. Danciu, R. Casota and R. Serban

Chagas Disease in a Rural Area of Western Mexico. Epidemiological, and Entomological Evidences
J.A. Martínez-Ibarra, P.M. Salazar-Schettino, F. Trujillo-Contreras, M. Cabrera-Bravo, M. Solorio-Cibrián and M. Bucio

Comparison of Community Coverage with Insecticide-Treated Nets in a Tanzanian Town and Villages with Social Marketing Versus Free Provision
C.A. Maxwell, R.T.Rwegoshora, S.M. Magesa and C.F. Curtis

The Effect of a Mutagen (MNNG) on Adult Schistosoma Japonicum and Its Cultured Cells
Z.-P. Ming, H.-F. Dong, Q.-P. Zhong and M.-S. Jiang

Possible Vertical Transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in Chronically Infected Rats
E. Moreno, A. Quintero, M. Alarcón, A. Lugo, S.C. Moreno and S. Araujo

Effects of Toll-like Receptor 2 and Toll-like Receptor 4 in Toxoplasma Gondii-Derived Heat Shock Protein 70-induced Tolerance in Nitric Oxide Production
H.S. Mun, F. Aosai, K. Norose, H. Fang, S. Akira and A. Yano

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum and Evidence of Microsporidia Infections in Rural Red Foxes
T.M. Murphy, J. Walochnik, A. Hassl, J. Moriarty, J. Mooney, D. Toolan, C. Sanchez-Miguel, A. O’Loughlin and A. McAuliffe

Farm Animal Cryptosporidiosis in Republic of Armenia
H.Z. Naghashayn and O.V. Shcherbakov

Genetical and Biological Characteristics of Gastric Cryptosporidium spp.
Y. Nakai, M. Satoh, Y. Koyama, K. Hikosaka, J. Takahashi, C. Suzuki, K. Masuno and T. Yanai

Three Bioassay Methods Fipronil Toxicity in German Cockroaches (Blattodea: Blattellidae)
H. Nasirian

Enzymatic Activity in the Midgut of Sand Fly Vector of Leishmania
E. Nieves, G. Dávila and M. Rondón

Parasitological Investigation on Scardinius Erithrophthalmus
O. Nikgoo

Presence of Cytokines During the Development of Amoebic Liver Abscess in Hamsters
J. Pacheco-Yépez, J.J Serrano-Luna, R. Campos-Rodríguez, V. Tsutsumi and M. Shibayama

Diversity of Cryptosporidium spp. in Mammals and Humans in Poland
A. Paziewska, A. Bajer, S. Caccio, M. Bednarska, Z. Gizejewski, R. Welc-Falêciak and E. Siñski

A Case of Schistosomiasis
S.E. Rafie Alavy

A Seroepidemiological Survey of Human Toxocarosis in Bulgaria
I. Rainova and R. Kurdova

Ticks on Dogs and Its Role As Vectors/Intermediate Hosts in the Center-West of Portugal
F. Rosa, M. Crespo, D. Ferreirinha, M. Morgado, M. Madeira, M. Santos-Silva, A. Santos and R. Sousa

Cloning of a Novel Plasmodium Yoelii Parasitophorous Vacuole Memebrane Gene
T. Sam-Yellowe, T. Wang, J. Tao, T. Banks, L. Everett, J. Drazba and H. Fujioka

Secretory PLA2V Expression in Macrophages During Amoebic Liver Abscess Formation
B. Sánchez-Ramírez, M. Moguel-Torres, E. Ramos-Martínez and P. Talamás-Rohana

The Multiepitope Anticysticercosis Vaccine from Laboratory to the Field: Novel Delivery Systems and Alternative Routes for Vaccine Administration
E. Sciutto, J. Morales, G. Rosas, G. Fragoso, M. Hernández, C. Cruz, A. Toledo, R.J. Bobes, M. Huerta, A. Diaz, G. Meneses, J. Cervantes, J.J. Martinez, A. Fleury, A. Aluja, G. Gevorkian, G. Acero, F. Golbaum, L. Herrera-Estrella, J. Cabrera-Ponce, F. Lopez-Casillas, A. Blancas, K. Manoutcharian and C. Larralde

Comparable Costings of Alternatives for Dealing with Tsetse: Estimates for Uganda
A. Shaw, S. Torr, C. Waiswa and T. Robinson

Proteome Analysis of Trypanosoma cruzi CL Brener, A Reference Strain of Genome Project
T. Sone, S. Oshiro, S. Matsushita and K. Hirayama

Humoral Immune Response Induced in Outbred CD1 Mice by DNA Vaccine Against African Trypanosomiasis
M. Sousa Silva, G.A. Monteiro, J. Atouguia, P. Liberato and D.M.F. Prazeres

Role of Apoptosis in Cerebral Malaria
J.K. Stiles, H. Armah, B. Sarfo, R. Gyasi, E. Wiredu, M. Powell, V. Bond and A. Adjei

Crystal Structure of Ascaris Cytochrome b5:Specific Adaptation to the Nematode Myoglobin
S. Takamiya, M. Hashimoto, F. Yamakura, T. Yokota, Y. Nakajima and S. Sugio

Generation of Monoclonal Phage Display Antibody Against Cryptosporidium Muris Using Non-immunized scFv Library
Y. Takashima, T.A. Batanova, I. Kimata and K. Kitoh

Phylogeny of the Copepod Family Taeniacanthidae
D. Tang

Mating Behaviour in Schistosomes
L.A. Tchuem Tchuenté

Molecular Interactions Between PFCCP Multidomain Adhesion Proteins During Gametogenesis in Plasmodium falciparum
C. Wagner, S.M. Scholz, A. Abreu, R. Frank, T.J. Templeton and G. Pradel

Protective Roles of Mast Cell-derived Tumor Necrosis Factor in Murine Malaria
N. Watanabe, T. Kikuchi, Y. Iwakura, S. Kawazu, S. Kano and T. Furuta

Morphological and Molecular Identification of Sri Lankan Leishmania Species Based on Kinetoplast Minicircle DNA and Cytochrome b Gene from Human Isolates
L. Yatawara, S. Wickramasinghe, R.P.V.J. Rajapakse, R.R.M.L.R. Siyambalagoda, H.T. Le, Y. Watanabe, Y. Matsumoto and T. Agatsuma

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